This story was originally published by High Country News and is reproduced here with permission.
The Bureau of Land Management’s current headquarters is a bland grey building, marble columns bracketing the front and flags flying overhead, in a sea of federal buildings lining the streets of the country’s capital. On the fifth floor, the agency’s public servants dutifully complete the day-to-day policy work, responding to Congressional requests and coordinating with fellow federal agencies.
Recently, the Department of Interior asked Congress for $10.5 million in the next fiscal year to pursue relocation efforts and an additional $12.1 million to consolidate bureaus into 12 regions across the West.
Interior Secretary David Bernhardt said in his written statement during the appropriations hearing that the DOI is “considering relative cost, accessibility and the specific functions where it makes sense to be closer to field assets.” The BLM declined to comment.
Critics of efforts to relocate the agency to the Western United States, however, say the current headquarters is everything that it ought to be: unremarkable, unassuming — and centrally located.
“It would be a colossal waste of resources and costly to taxpayers to move the headquarters out of D.C.,” says Phil Hanceford, conservation director for The Wilderness Society, a nonprofit land conservation organization.
The BLM is one of over 50 federal buildings in the capital according to the U.S. General Services Administration. Research by The Wilderness Society shows only three significant federal agencies are headquartered outside of D.C.: Social Security Administration in Baltimore; Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta; and Railroad Retirement Board in Chicago.
Elana Daly, who is retired from the BLM, says its D.C. location is crucial to working alongside agencies in the Interior Department, who share the building. Now a member of the Public Lands Foundation, a network of current and former BLM employees, Daly says she would routinely walk throughout the building to talk to employees of the other Interior agencies and respond to requests from Congressional staffers. “We met informally pretty frequently,” she says.
“Any movement like that costs a lot of money, creates a lot of uncertainty and causes angst with employees,” says Elizabeth Klein, former associate deputy secretary at the Interior Department during the Obama Administration. “I have not seen anything that has been put out or any formal proposal that would justify that kind of time and expense.”
According to Klein, this is not the first time a relocation was introduced and talk of reorganization has been floated in previous administrations. Klein suspects the relocation may be politically motivated. “It doesn’t appear to me to be a very well-thought-out, rational and cost-effective proposal,” she says.
Sen. Cory Gardner, R-Colo., has been a strong advocate for the BLM relocation, even questioning previous Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke on it during his confirmation hearing in 2017. The senator, who is up for reelection in 2020, has said he would like to see the headquarters move to Grand Junction, Colorado.
“Making this agency more accountable to the people who have to deal with its management decisions by putting its headquarters among the land it manages would be a great start to modernizing for the next 100 years,” Gardner said in a statement.
He introduced the Bureau of Land Management Headquarters Relocation Act in May, saying, “Ninety-nine percent of the 250 million acres of land managed by BLM is West of the Mississippi River, and having the decision-makers present in the communities they impact will lead to better policy.”
But critics of the move argue that is not the case. Daly says she understands the desire to get policymakers closer to the ground but moving the headquarters to the West would not necessarily accomplish that. Instead, the BLM should rely on the in-state managers who already work on a local level, Daly says. “The policymakers won’t meet with the local ranchers because they don’t have the time,” she added.
Additionally Hanceford argues, the current administration and BLM has a track-record of overriding decisions made at the regional level, citing their reduction in public lands and actions to shorten public comment periods. “They’re not giving a lot of deference to the field even though they’re saying they care about regional, state and local input,” he says.
Critics of the move also argue the BLM is already highly decentralized for a federal agency and is heavily based in the states. “Ninety-seven percent of BLM employees already work in the areas they serve,” says Jayson O’Neill, deputy director at Western Values Project, a western lands advocacy organization.
“They’ve completely failed to make the case to Westerners on why this would increase participation,” O’Neill says. “The reality is much different.”