The Local newsletter is your free, daily guide to life in Colorado. For locals, by locals. Sign up today!
Whether you’re a master gardener or just hoping to turn your black thumb to a more pleasant shade of green, Colorado’s climate presents a unique cultivation challenge. “You’ve got poor soil, high-intensity sun, temperature fluctuations, low precipitation, and windy weather—yes, all of that—conspiring against gardeners,” says Jodi Torpey, Denver native, master gardener, and author of her Mile-High gardening guide, The Colorado Gardener’s Companion.
What’s an aspiring gardener to do? Here are a few of Torpey’s tips on how to work with the climatic quirks of our dearly beloved home on the range:
Get started: Lay the foundation
- Amend soil with manure and compost to increase fertility, drainage, and fluffiness.
- Allow potted vegetables to acclimate to the outdoor environment for a day or two before transferring to the garden.
- Plant at the recommended ground depth for any given crop.
- Water plants at ground level. Avoid wetting leaves in order to prevent disease or rot.
- Feed your plants one inch of water each week (not too much, not too little).
Veg out: Try your hand at vegetable gardening
Grow this: Tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, beans, and cucumbers.
Plant now: “Wait until June because it gives the soil time to warm up,” says Torpey. “Plants like warm evenings in the 50 to 55 degrees [Fahrenheit] range.”
Anticipate short growing seasons: “Keep in mind that we have a short season,” she says. “Check the days to maturity. The shorter, the better for our area because you have a better chance of the plants growing, fruiting, and ripening before the weather gets bad.”
Flower power: Plant a decorative floral garden
Bloom this: Sage, Penstemon, Sunflowers, Agastache, and Echinacea.
Annuals: Since annuals die off each season, choose by color preference.
Perennials: Put more thought into which perennials you plant. Torpey recommends using Plant Select, a collaborative effort by the Denver Botanic Gardens and Colorado State University. The program advises gardeners on smart flower choices for the Rocky Mountain Region.
Herb is the word: Get garnishes straight from the garden
Sprout this: Whichever herbs you like to cook with!
Tip: “Just about any herb works here, because most of them are annuals,” says Torpey. “You can mix your basil, oregano, or thyme in with your annual flowers.”
Save for later: Well-tended herbs will still be flourishing when that first winter freeze comes around. Torpey recommends hanging herbs or drying them on a screen to save for winter use. She also fills ice cube trays with large batches of pesto to freeze for later use.
Hit the pot: Try container gardening
Cultivate this: Small plants like bush beans and bush cucumbers, which are biologically engineered to yield full-sized vegetables from smaller plants.
Advantages: City dwellers with only windowsills or patios can still get their hands dirty.
Get creative: Jodi Torpey’s Vegetable Gardening: Innovative Small-Space Solutions class, available online through Denver-based Craftsy, covers best practices for container gardening, including hanging planters, composting instruction, and tricks for preventing pests.
(Want more? Don’t forget to check out 5280’s guide to urban homesteading in the Mile High City!)
Dig a little deeper: Pick up a copy of The Colorado Gardener’s Companion at Tattered Cover or Barnes and Noble.
Discover more ways to enjoy summer in Denver at 5280.com/summerguide.